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New York was inhabited by the Algonquin, Iroquois, and Lenape Native American groups at the time Dutch settlers moved into the region in the early 17th century. In 1609, the region was first claimed by Henry Hudson for the Dutch. Fort Nassau was built near the site of the present-day capital of Albany in 1614. The Dutch soon also settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson River Valley, establishing the colony of New Netherland. The British took over the colony by annexation in 1664.
The borders of the British colony, the Province of New York, were roughly similar to those of the present-day state. About one third of all the battles of the Revolutionary War took place in New York. New York became an independent state on July 9, 1776, and enacted its constitution in 1777. The state ratified the United States Constitution on July 26, 1788 to become the eleventh state of the union.
State Bird: Bluebird
State Flower: Rose
State Tree: Sugar Maple
State Nickname: The Empire State
State Motto: Excelsior (Ever Upwards)
State Song: I Love New York
State Mammal: Beaver
State Insect: Ladybird Beetle (Nine-spotted Lady Bug)
State Freshwater Fish: Brook Trout
State Shell: Bay Scallop
State Fruit: Apple
State Fossil: Sea Scorpion
State Gem: Garnet
State Muffin: Apple Muffin
State Bush: Lilac
State Reptile: Snapping Turtle
State Beverage: Milk
State Butterfly: Red Spotted Purple/White Admiral
State Saltwater Fish: Striped Bass
State Flower: Rose
State Bird: Eastern Bluebird
New York is surrounded by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Canada. Albany is the capital.
County Formation Map
New York Governors
New York's Attorney Generals
New York's Senators
New York's Representatives
New York State Treasurers
New York State Comptrollers
Erie Canal Commission
New York State Engineers and Surveyors
New York's Original Constitution, 1777
State Constitution, 1821
State Constitution, 1846
State Constitution, 1894
State Constitution, 1938
New York's Railroads
Ship Wrecks and Lighthouses
New York's Native American Tribes
This page last updated 5 Apr 2013.
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