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    New York was inhabited by the Algonquin, Iroquois, and Lenape Native American groups at the time Dutch settlers moved into the region in the early 17th century. In 1609, the region was first claimed by Henry Hudson for the Dutch. Fort Nassau was built near the site of the present-day capital of Albany in 1614. The Dutch soon also settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson River Valley, establishing the colony of New Netherland. The British took over the colony by annexation in 1664.

    The borders of the British colony, the Province of New York, were roughly similar to those of the present-day state. About one third of all the battles of the Revolutionary War took place in New York. New York became an independent state on July 9, 1776, and enacted its constitution in 1777. The state ratified the United States Constitution on July 26, 1788 to become the eleventh state of the union.

    State Bird: Bluebird
    State Flower: Rose
    State Tree: Sugar Maple
    State Nickname: The Empire State
    State Motto: Excelsior (Ever Upwards)
    State Song: I Love New York
    State Mammal: Beaver
    State Insect: Ladybird Beetle (Nine-spotted Lady Bug)
    State Freshwater Fish: Brook Trout
    State Shell: Bay Scallop
    State Fruit: Apple
    State Fossil: Sea Scorpion
    State Gem: Garnet
    State Muffin: Apple Muffin
    State Bush: Lilac
    State Reptile: Snapping Turtle
    State Beverage: Milk
    State Butterfly: Red Spotted Purple/White Admiral
    State Saltwater Fish: Striped Bass
    State Flower: Rose
    State Bird: Eastern Bluebird

    New York is surrounded by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Canada. Albany is the capital.

    What's New?
    County Listing
    Statewide Resources
    County Formation Map
    New York Governors
    New York's Attorney Generals
    New York's Senators
    New York's Representatives
    New York State Treasurers
    New York State Comptrollers
    Erie Canal Commission
    New York State Engineers and Surveyors
    New York's Original Constitution, 1777
    State Constitution, 1821
    State Constitution, 1846
    State Constitution, 1894
    State Constitution, 1938
    New York's Railroads
    Ship Wrecks and Lighthouses
    Niagara Falls
    New York's Native American Tribes

    This page last updated 5 Apr 2013.

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